Health and Wellness in Sri Lanka

INFORCART | by sam

Sri Lanka is an island located off the coast of India in the Indian Ocean that features unique health and wellness outcomes. However, to understand health and wellness in Sri Lanka, you should have a basic idea of the two terms, health, and wellness. In general, health refers to a person's mental or physical condition. In comparison, wellness refers to a healthy lifestyle beyond actual diseases.

As a South Asian country, Sri Lanka had a unique traditional knowledge of health that led to sophisticated wellness. Simply put, we can notice a wealth of traditional knowledge and rich cultural expressions that took part in the historical evolution of Sri Lanka. If we take a deeper glimpse at history, we can see that traditional knowledge existed in various areas, including medical treatment for all types of disease. There were advanced treatments for viral diseases, bacterial and fungal infections, and all kinds of surgery. Furthermore, Sri Lankans had treatments for all mental problems, which are now included in modern doctoral booklets. It proves that Sri Lankan beliefs, knowledge, and practices empower medical treatments to help people heal. On the other hand, most of the mental treatments were dependent on medical and ritual performances. Unlike modern health considerations, there were traditional healing specialists such as "Kadum Bindum," now referred to as Orthopaedics.

It is no secret that many of the earlier traditional health and wellness practices have fallen into decay due to westernization. Compared to traditional understandings, the measuring parameters of health and wellness in Sri Lanka have improved. As a result, Sri Lanka conducts measures according to statistical data rather than examining health problems from natural practice. The main bodies dealing with such statistics are the health workforce, action planning, and political involvement.

21st Century Health and Wellness in Sri Lanka

21st-century public health and wellness in Sri Lanka consider fighting and eliminating Filariasis, overcoming Malaria, providing healthy lifestyle centers, reducing preventable maternal deaths, taking on big tobacco, and winning against it. However, the current priority concern is about decreasing and controlling the Covid 19 pandemic.

Sri Lankan governments have prioritized and maintained free health and education since independence. According to the WHO country cooperation strategy document, health and education remain the two cornerstones of society. Therefore, Sri Lankan citizens have had free access to healthcare through a broad network of primary, secondary, and tertiary healthcare facilities. Thus, it indicates the country has had universal health coverage since then.

However, we can expect to have poor conditions in health and wellness in Sri Lanka due to the current economic and political crisis as a developing country. But, on the contrary, Sri Lanka has astonishingly good health statistics. And there is a clear difference, compared to other Asian countries. For example, Sri Lanka has low levels of maternal and newborn mortality rates, high life expectancy rates, and a state of communicable illness prevention. Therefore, these statistics make it stand out from the rest. Plus, these are nearly on par with those in Western Europe.

Thanks to free health, many expanded health services reach even the most remote locations in Sri Lanka. In addition, the services of well-equipped, spacious hospitals with excellent facilities are available in the main cities. On the other hand, due to free education, the health industry consists of well-trained, highly skilled health professionals in all corners of the island. In conclusion, Sri Lanka provides 24/7 free health services to everybody, supporting the health and wellness of the Sri Lankan community.